The squatting position is not necessarily an orthodox shooting position. I don’t think you’ll see it as a leg of a rifle competition (not that I would know). I’m including it in my overview of orthodox positions because I think it should be in every rifleman’s repertoire.
Offhand is fast. Prone is accurate. Sitting is pretty accurate- generally not as accurate as prone, but not fast. Kneeling is pretty fast, but not very accurate. Squatting may represent the golden mean. As screwed up as that sentence may read out of context, I think it’s true.
Essentially what the squatting position does is fix what is wrong with the kneeling position; it supports the firing side elbow. It boosts stability significantly without slowing things down appreciably, if at all.
To assume rice paddy prone from facing squarely to the target, angle your firing side away from the target 30°-45°, feet about shoulder with apart. Basically the same ready position to get into offhand or kneeling.
Now, keeping your heels and the soles of your feet in firm contact with terra firma, drop to a squatting position (hence the name of the position).
Next, place the flat of both arms on their appropriate knees (that means don’t cross them) and fire if necessary.
I find that the easiest way to orient the upper body in relation to the lower is simply to place the flat of both arms on the knees. Really not much to it. This is very similar to open leg sitting in that respect. I would rather you click than I type, so if you’d like an elaboration, read or re-read that article.
One problem that I have with rice paddy prone is that is does a number on my knees to practice it for any length of time. This pertains mostly to dry fire. I really don’t have a problem shooting groups in this position. A field shot would be no problem. The main thing to work out is where your NPA is going to land. Just watch your knees while you figure that out.
To change your NPA in squatting for windage you can move your lead foot in the direction you would like the muzzle to go. For micro windage changes, you can rotate your lead foot in the direction you want the muzzle to go. Changes can be made in the same (but opposite) manner with your rear foot, HOWEVER, the changes you make with your rear leg may not have as much, or any effect. This is due to a thing called flexibility. Opening your firing side may not cause your support side to move. The structural bias is to the support side, because again, we aren’t a bipod. Your support arm sits on you support leg and is directly under the rifle. That’s why moving the support side foot will move your NPA and moving your firing side foot may move your NPA. Mystery solved.
To adjust for elevation, follow the rules for offhand. You can always use the old moving the hand on the forend trick: farther away lowers your NPA, closer raises it. The other way is to adjust the width of your feet: wider is higher, closer is lower.
Some people complain that it knocks them on their duff to fire a rifle from the squatting position. Unless you’ve got a dinosaur gun, there’s some other problem if your falling down. If you’re my “challenged” reader, just keep working, or email me and we’ll get you some “special” attention.
I tested this position for you from 300 yards like I did with the sitting positions.
This equal about 3.6 MOA. I would rather see the group without the 2 outliers on the right. Guess I’ll need to practice a bit.
In comparison to the collective sitting positions, I think squatting has the potential to be just as accurate. There is an inherent volatility in the position that causes things like the 2 shots on the right to happen. I think that could be overcome with some serious practice. In terms of speed, it’s just faster. There are fewer steps, so I don’t think that there’s a way to make sitting as fast, assuming the shooter worked at both positions.